The new modernized concession can be distinguished from the old traditional concession by the following features, such as the smallest concession area; The existence of a waiver provision; much shorter duration The possibility of an extension in the event of the launch of commercial oil production; strengthening state control and the possibility of participating in the oil investment project; significant financial improvements in the form of equal profit sharing, rents, new licensing fees, bonus systems and income tax. Concession or licensing agreements have evolved considerably since their introduction in the early 1900s as unilateral treaties, when many resource-rich nations were dependencies, colonies or protectorates of other states or empires. The modern form of such agreements often allows an oil company to explore, develop, sell and export exclusive rights, oil or minerals from a given territory, for a specified period of time. Companies compete by offering offers, often coupled with signing bonuses, to acquire licenses for such rights. This type of agreement is widely used around the world and is used in countries as diverse as Kuwait, Sudan, Angola and Ecuador. Therefore, under this type of agreement, the company or consortium provides technical know-how and capital and assumes the risk of the project in return for exclusive rights to oil and/or gas exploration and production originating in the contract territory. The host state generally owns the facilities and facilities. Unless otherwise stipulated in the legislation or the production-sharing agreement, the company also pays the income tax to the host Member State as well as all other taxes and contributions provided by the legislation and the corresponding contract. Often, the government tries to increase control over the research and exploitation of its resources. It can do so through service contracts that place private companies in carefully delineated tasks. Unlike modern concessions, PSAs and JVs, service contracts are considered a device in which the host government has the greatest control over a project.
In this case, the host government is a contract to provide a carefully defined service only in the foreign company. The company generally does not participate in the revenue generated. As a result, the host government does not have a meaningful control over the resource. These three types of agreements are explained in the following sections. To search for oil, an authorization is required.